Body fluids are liquids originating from inside the bodies of living humans. They include fluids that are excreted or secreted from the body. Human blood, body fluids, and other body tissues are widely recognized as vehicles for the transmission of human disease.
Body fluids, including blood, feces, and vomit, are all considered potentially contaminated with blood-borne pathogens and germs. And YES this part of your Blood-borne pathogen training did you review it as per the standards.
Therefore, spills of these fluids on hard surfaces such as floors and sidewalks should be cleaned up and the contaminated surfaces disinfected immediately. When the spill is on carpeting, care must be taken to mix the bleach solution exactly or to use an alternative disinfectant to prevent permanent damage to the carpet appearance. (Strong bleach solutions can remove the carpet dye).
If there has been a release of blood or other bodily fluids, persons must take precautions to prevent contact with these materials. Special precautions must be taken during clean-up activities where broken glass or other sharps are involved. Only trained personnel will be allowed to assist in the clean-up of any spills involving blood and broken glass.
If the area of the spill is greater than 36-inch diameter, if sharp objects such as glass, and/or if chemicals are involved or mixed with the fluids, immediately contact your site safety coordinator
If the area of the spill is less than 36-inch diameter, and if only a small amount or no glass is involved, and if no chemicals are involved, use a bleach disinfecting solution.
One of the most commonly used chemicals for disinfection is a homemade solution of household bleach and water. Since a solution of bleach and water loses its strength quickly it should be mixed fresh before each clean-up to make sure it is effective.
The Recipe for Bleach Disinfecting Solution is nine (9) parts cool water to one (1) part household bleach. Add the household bleach to the water. Gently mix the solution.
Clean-up Procedure Using Bleach Solution
- Block off the area of the spill from patrons until clean-up and disinfection is complete.
- Put on two pair of disposable latex gloves to prevent contamination of hands.
- Spray the item or spilled material with a disinfectant prior to cleaning it up to kill bacteria and reduce chance of exposure.
- If sharp objects or glass are involved, a broom and dust pan must be used. Do not pick up sharps/glass with your hands. Wipe up the spill using paper towels or absorbent material and place in a plastic garbage bag. For large amounts of blood or fluids on hard surfaces, a wet vac can be used to clean up the spill. The wet vac must then be properly decontaminated using approved disinfectants.
- Gently pour bleach solution onto all contaminated areas of the surface.
- Let the bleach solution remain on the contaminated area for 20 minutes.
- Wipe up the remaining bleach solution.
- Liquids collected in a container, such as laboratory waste, may be disposed of in the sanitary sewer and should be flushed with an appropriate amount of water to make certain it does not accumulate in the drains or traps.
- All non-disposable cleaning materials used such as mops and scrub brushes should be disinfected by saturating with bleach solution and air dried.
- Remove the first set of gloves by gripping the tops first and pulling them inside out. Then remove the second set in the same manner without touching the skin. Place the gloves in plastic garbage bag with all soiled cleaning materials.
- Double-bag and securely tie-up plastic garbage bags and discard.
- Thoroughly wash hands with a disinfectant or antibacterial soap and water or a hand sanitizer such as Purell.