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Workplace Incidents Investigations in Canada the CSA is re-drafting new rules!

So in Canada when you have a work place incident are you applying to your event the standard under the CSA and now that standard is being upgraded to  Z1005 CSA!  If you are not registered it is free and you can review the full update

This Standard specifies requirements for an occupational health and safety incident investigation and prevention program (IIPP) that identifies

a)      general program requirements including

i)    management commitment;

ii)   an incident investigation and prevention policy;

iii)  a commitment to worker participation;

iv)  confidentiality;

v)   documentation; and

vi)  investigation initiation criteria;

b)      pre-incident program planning including

i)    initial response planning;

ii)   resource planning;

iii)  roles and responsibilities;

iv)  training and competence of the investigation team;

v)   psychological injury prevention and critical incident stress management;

vi)  internal and external communications, coordination and notifications;

vii) scene control;

viii)  hazard identification and risk assessment;

ix)  data collection, preservation and analysis; and

x)   reporting;

c)      conducting incident investigations including

i)      determining initial response and investigation scope;

ii)     resource deployment, communications and scene management;

iii)    investigation team selection and coordination;

iv)    investigative principles;

v)     developing the incident investigation plan;

vi)    pre, ongoing and post investigation risk assessments;

vii)   witness management and support;

viii)  data preservation; and

ix)    developing findings; and

d)      post investigative activities including

i)      establishment of mitigation action plan;

ii)     reporting;

iii)    development and implementation of findings and corrective actions;

iv)    identification of additional prevention activities;

v)     verification and validation of corrective actions; and

vi)    continual improvement.


This Standard lays out a framework for the creation and maintenance of an incident investigation and prevention program (IIPP) that can be incorporated within an existing Occupational Health and Safety management system, or used independently by an organization to proactively and systematically plan for and respond to incident investigations.

Clause 4 specifies the program elements for a comprehensive incident investigation and prevention management program.

Clauses 5 lays out the requirements for an pre-planning framework for incident investigation to ensure a proactive and prepared approach to incident investigations.

Clause 6 and 7 specify requirements for conducting incident investigations and include requirements for incorporation of a prevention focus.

Clauses 8, 9 and 10 specify requirements related to corrective actions, reviews, and continual improvement. These activities help ensure worker safety and facilitate continual improvement of an incident investigation and prevention management program. See Figure 1.

Informative Annexes A through I provide guidance on how to implement this Standard’s requirements.

This Standard refers to the following publications, and where such reference is made, it shall be to the edition listed below, including all amendments published thereto.

 CSA Group


Occupational health and safety management



Occupational health and safety — Hazard Identification and elimination and risk assessment and control


CAN/CSA-Z1003-13/BNQ 9700-803/2013

Psychological health and safety in the workplace – Prevention, promotion, and guidance to staged implementation

CSA-Z1010 (under development)

Management of work in extreme conditions


Emergency and continuity management program

Z1005Incident Investigation and Prevention (New Standard)

·        Incident Investigation and Prevention (New Standard)

·        Draft Standard CSA Z1005, Incident Investigation and Prevention

·        Legal Notice for Draft Standards

·        Preface

·        0 Introduction

·        Figure 1 Incident investigation and prevention program (IIPP)

·        1 Scope

·        2 Reference publications

·        3 Definitions and abbreviations

·        4 Incident investigation and prevention program (IIPP)

·        5 Pre-incident program planning

·        Figure 2 Pre-incident program planning

·        6 Incident response

·        7 Conducting Investigations

·        Figure 3 Conducting investigations

·        Figure 4 Flow chart of Analysis process

·        8 Corrective action plan and validation

·        9 Verification and validation

·        10 Continual improvement

·        Annex A (Informative) Principles for incident investigation

·        Annex B (Informative) Investigation team competencies

·        Annex C (Informative) Working with photographs and videos

·        Annex D (Informative) Investigator bias

·        Annex E (Informative) Development and implementation of a corrective action plan

·        Annex F (Informative) Interviewing

·        Annex G (Informative) Data analysis

·        Figure H.1 Examples of contributing factors

·        Table H.1 Incident Causation

·        Annex I Sources of incident investigation data

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Does fall arrest equipment have an EXPIRY DATE?

Yes and NO is the simple note:

1 It must be check and inspected yearly by an agency plus INSPECTED DAILY FULLY BY THE PERSON WEARING IT!

2 It must not have any defects if so its is out service

Although a well cared for or seldom used safety harness can last longer than five years, it is still recommended that you remove it from service at the five year mark. Not only may your safety harness be out of warranty, but you have no way of knowing that the internal structure of your safety harness is sound — even if it’s passed regular inspection and shows no outward signs of damage. When it comes to personal fall protection, it’s always better to be safe than sorry. Each harness and lanyard is accompanied by specific instructions for use, inspection, and cleaning that must be understood and followed. Industry requires all fall protection products, including harnesses and lanyards be visually inspected prior to use and regularly inspected by a Competent Person, such as defined by OSHA (Occupational Health & Safety Administration) or CSA (Canadian Standards Association). When not in use, products should be stored at room temperature away from chemicals, moisture and ultra-violet light.

Following these instructions may still necessitate removing the harness or lanyard from service prior to any life expectancy guideline, due to the normal wear and tear of everyday use. Likewise, proper adherence to the inspection and maintenance criteria may extend the useful life. Ultimately, it is the responsibility of the end-user to determine when a harness or lanyard is unfit for use and should be removed from service.

In Canada Full Body Harnesses CAN/CSA/Z259.10-M90 does NOT give an expiry date but STATES MUST MEET THESE STANDARDS AT ALL TIME, if not it is out of service.

  • Use the right equipment for the job. Refer to the series of Canadian Standards Association (CSA) Standards Z259, including:
    • Z259.1-05 (R2010) “Body belts and saddles for work positioning and travel restraint”,
    • Z259.2.3-12 “Descent devices”,
    • Z259.10-12 “Full Body Harnesses”,
    • Z259.11-05 (R2010) “Energy absorbers and lanyards”,
    • Z259.12-01 (R2011) “Connecting components for personal fall arrest systems (PFAS)”,
    • and any other standards or legislation that may apply.

Rest assured the equipment has tremendous excess capacity, and the degradation that is common (not normal…) in a 3-5 year period does not render the device worthless on the 1st day of the 6th year. The manufacturer knows that a harness worn every day will likely not make the 5 year mark, not by a long shot. A heavy form carpenter or an iron worker can wear out a harness in less than a year. On the other hand, a harness that is properly stored and worn only for inspections and riding in boom lifts and on roofs, that is used once a week or once a month, may last a lifetime. The Competent Person is the deciding factor. Also note, lanyards have a recommended 3 year use limit.

ANSI and OSHA do not reference a maximum service life for synthetic fiber products. ANSI and OSHA standards require that the user remove the equipment from service if it has been subject to the forces of arresting a fall. ANSI A10.32-2012 does not specify a 5 year harness and lanyard service life. It states that “fall protection equipment shall be removed from service upon evidence of defects, damage or deterioration; once it has been subjected to impact loading; or upon expiration of the manufacturer’s specified service life, whichever comes first.”

ANSI and OSHA standards require that the user remove the equipment from service if it has been subject to the forces of arresting a fall. They also states that when inspection reveals defects in, damage to, or inadequate maintenance of equipment, the equipment shall be permanently removed from service or undergo adequate corrective maintenance before return to service.